The Albanian Census of 1918
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Data Availability

The amount of data and cutting of funds concerning payment of staff lead to the following thoughts:
A complete entry of the data will not be able to achieve and therefore the data is divided in 20 samples of 5 percent each. The entry of one sample (beginning with only one sample) leads to an already usable data set and additional samples can be added all the time. Settlements are the unit for sampling, because households as a smaller unit would lead to a much higher expenditure of time in the sampling process. In this way it is also possible to make statements about whole settlements, while sampling on the household level in combination with the small size of most of the settlements would lead to a higher insecurity of statements concerning separate settlements. Sampling on the basis of even larger administrative units (Bezirk, Kreis, Landgemeinde) would diminish the representation for the whole area due to a higher regional concentration of the data. The samples were created in such a way that an equal number of settlements of the seven prefectures (Bezirke) are in each sample (for getting geographic equality).
Settlements, that were deviant from of the average demographic picture of Albanian settlements in 1918 (according to Franz Seiner’s published statistics), are exempted from these 20 samples. Criteria for these settlements are: 
  • a share of at least 20 percent of an ethnic minority within the population (95.9 percent of the population were Albanians)
  • a share of at least 20 percent of Orthodox Christians within the population (only 8 percent of the population were Orthodox Christians, the majority of them were living in the districts, where the data was destroyed)
  • a share of at least 20 percent or 150 persons of non-agricultural population (84.2 percent of the population were engaged in agriculture)
  • a share of at least 60 percent of one sex
  • cities (there were only 7 cities in this area, their population was 12 percent of the whole population, the material for Berat was destroyed)
  • more than 2,000 inhabitants (only 9 settlements)
  • an average household size of below 3.5 or above 10 persons


The distribution of the settlements to all these criteria can be seen in the following table (some of the settlements belong to more than one criterion):
 
category settlements according to Seiner inhabitants according to Seiner processed settlements processed persons
ethnic minority 42 13,969 42 17,106
Orthodox minority 57 19,871 57
20,206
non-agricultural population 37 64,599 37
65,727
uneven sex ratio 53 6,835 53 7,768
city 24 56,941 24
57,965
size of settlement 9 46,103 9
46,729
household size 49 12,540 49 12,975
not included in 5-percent-samples 200 102,423 200
106,414
20 5-percent-samples 1,093 333,413 94
28,981
Overall 1,293 435,836 294 135,395





sample 1 54 17,465 54 17,719
sample 2 55 16,268 38
10,321
sample 3 55 19,143

sample 4 54 14,407

sample 5 55 17,506

sample 6 54 14,402

sample 7 55 19,592

sample 8 55 16,634

sample 9 54 15,341

sample 10 55 14,765 1 318
sample 11 54 20,504

sample 12 55 18,494

sample 13 55 16,786

sample 14 55 17,271

sample 15 54 17,365

sample 16 55 16,626

sample 17 55 13,669

sample 18 54 16,763 1 623
sample 19 55 15,045

sample 20 55 15,367

135,395 individuals are part of the priliminary database, but they are still for internal use only.
Until now no data is available for public release.

by Siegfried Gruber, March 3, 2006